Zhou Xiaoxuan, better known as Xianzi in China, became the face of the country’s #MeToo movement in 2018, when she publicly accused CCTV host Zhu Jun of groping and forcibly kissing her in a dressing room four years earlier when she was a 21-year-old intern working on his show.
On Wednesday, the Beijing Municipal No.1 Intermediate People’s Court rejected her appeal on similar grounds.
“The court held that the evidence submitted by the appellant Zhou was not sufficient to prove that Zhu had sexually harassed her, and that the appeal could not be substantiated,” the court said on its official Weibo account.
Crackdown on feminist activism
Chinese media outlets initially covered Zhou’s case following her 2018 allegations and she won widespread support on social media, garnering more than 300,000 followers on microblogging site Weibo.
In recent years, however, young Chinese feminists have faced increasingly stringent censorship and misogynistic attacks from state actors and nationalist trolls.
Zhou’s Weibo account has been blocked since last year — as have the accounts of many of her supporters.
Online trolls have accused Zhou of lying and “colluding with foreign forces” — a stock Communist Party phrase often used by nationalists to denounce anyone from dissidents and academics to health experts opposing the country’s zero-Covid policy.
Outside the court on Wednesday, police and plainclothes security agents cordoned off sidewalks to prevent Zhou’s supporters from gathering, with officers registering the national ID numbers of passersby.
A small group of supporters managed to greet Zhou on a nearby playground, handing her bouquets and holding up signs of encouragement. One of them read: “History and we the people are on your side, Xianzi!”
Others showed their solidarity online. Many shared a seven-minute video Zhou recorded on Tuesday, in which she urged supporters not to be disheartened.
“Putting up a fight itself is meaningful. It’ll have a bigger impact on society,” she said. “I never regretted stepping forward and bearing all of this. I hope you all share my belief that every effort is meaningful.”
But conversations about the case were heavily censored.
On Weibo, some posts about Zhou’s hearing were blocked, and Liang Xiaomen, a vocal Chinese feminist and public interest lawyer in New York, said her WeChat account was permanently banned Tuesday after she shared information about the case and voiced support for Zhou.
“Many voices supporting Xianzi have been banned online, while her critics and trolls are active as ever,” Liang said. “Many of her supporters are very anxious — (our online community) was broken up and we don’t have a place to come together and form a united voice.”
When Zhou took the case to court in 2018, she sued Zhu for infringement of “personality rights” because China did not specify sexual harassment as a legal offence.
Last year, China enacted a civil code defining sexual harassment for the first time in the country’s law.
The code states that an individual can bring a civil claim against a person who engages in sexual harassment toward them “in the form of verbal remarks, written language, images, physical behavior or otherwise,” against their will.
Despite the code’s introduction, Liang said Zhou’s case illustrated how survivors of gender-based violence in China can still face grueling legal battles. “This case is a bloody testament to how the Chinese judicial system views a victim of sexual harassment and those who are willing to come forward and take legal action,” she said.
Legal experts who have studied China’s sexual harassment cases said victims face near near-insurmountable odds because courts give little credence to testimony and always look for ‘smoking gun’ evidence.
“If I didn’t start the lawsuit myself, I might never know what kind of injustice other victims of sexual abuse would suffer after entering the [judicial] system,” Zhou said in her video to supporters. “We’re still in an environment where we have to sacrifice our feelings, sacrifice our pain in exchange for understanding.”
Stepping out of the court after the hearing on Wednesday evening, Zhou told supporters that this was likely the last legal effort she could make in the case.
“After the hearing, the judge told me that since I called the police in 2014, eight years have passed, and I should have my own life plan. But what I want to say is that my life plan is to devote myself to this case and hope for a good result. Now I can’t carry on that plan anymore,” she said.
“The judicial system does not have innate authority, nor is the court’s judgment inherently the truth … I hope that the next litigant who comes to this courtroom will gain more understanding from others.”