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Timeline: Hong Kong under Chinese rule for 25 years

Article author:

The Associated Press

Associated Press

Hong Kong (AP) — The following are important events in Hong Kong's history, celebrating the 25th anniversary of the succession of British to Chinese rule on Friday.

China has promised that its territory can maintain its civil, economic and political freedom for 50 years under the framework of "one country, two systems". However, in recent years Beijing has virtually eliminated political opposition under the rubric of severely limiting freedom of speech and the right to assembly and maintaining national security.

— 1841: The Qing dynasty handed over Hong Kong Island to Great Britain after China was defeated in the first Opium War. The British administration will begin next year to help expand the trade in tea-to-porcelain goods, and Chinese leadership is addressing domestic conflicts and rising demand for foreign access to huge domestic markets.

— 1860: The colony grew into England after the Second Opium War, after Qing Sede Kowloon, a mountainous region on the other side of Hong Kong Island. China responds to requests after the court has been expelled from Beijing and its famous summer palace has been looted, looted and burned by foreign troops.

— 1898: The UK will lease the large area of ​​New Territory around Kowloon from China for 99 years or until 1997. Mostly rural areas increase anxiety and colonial economic viability within mainland China. as a whole. Reese also sets the time for Hong Kong's final return to Chinese domination.

— 1941-45: Japan occupied Hong Kong until the end of World War II. Britain, China and the Allied Forces resisted for three weeks, but with an overwhelming probability of being forced to surrender. Rhetoric against Japan's wartime atrocities, along with anti-colonialism, continues to be a central theme of the appeal of Communist nationalism.

— 1984: Britain returns Hong Kong to China in 1997 under the framework of a "one country, two systems" that gives Hong Kong its own economic and political system for 50 years. I agreed. The China-UK joint agreement is registered with the United Nations, but Beijing now states that it is invalid and refuses foreign criticism for interfering with domestic affairs.

— 1997: Hong Kong was handed over to Chinese rule at a ceremony attended by Prince Charles and President Jiang Zemin of China. Hours later, PLA troops invade the city with a major public disclosure of China's refusal to colonize.

— 2003: Proposed national security in which hundreds of thousands of citizens will criminalize "destruction" against the Chinese government in the largest protest since delivery March against the security law. The bill was subsequently withdrawn for what was considered a victory for civil society, indicating that Beijing continues to tolerate the opposition.

— 2014: Protesters seeking a direct election of Hong Kong leaders besieged government headquarters for 79 days, but failed to win a concession. Protests create a generation of young activists who continue to seek greater freedom from increasingly uncompromising Chinese leaders.

— 2017: Chinese leader Xi Jinping will visit Hong Kong to commemorate the 20th anniversary of the return of Chinese rule, during which Beijing will make a speech declaring that it will not accept opposition. Carrie Lam, a longtime civil servant and close ally of Beijing, will become Hong Kong's chief executive officer with the authority to carry out China's will while maintaining Hong Kong's position as an international business hub. ..

— 2019: Hong Kong and foreign residents may be sent to mainland China for legal trials suffering from abuse and compulsory confession charges Protests break out over sexual legislation. While the bill was withdrawn, protests continue among most students and adolescents who are dissatisfied with the lack of opportunities and representatives in one of the world's most economically fragmented cities.

— 2020: Following fierce crackdowns on protesters, opposition forces and independent media, China's Rubber India Parliament imposes extensive national security legislation imprisoning thousands of government critics. Others are seeking asylum abroad or threatened with silence. By changing the composition of the legislative council in Hong Kong, only "patriots" who are loyal to Beijing will have a say.

— 2022: Former Security Director John Lee, Hong Kong's Chief Executive Officer after being widely regarded as a fake election where he was the only candidate. Was appointed as. Prime Minister Lee is one of the officials in Hong Kong and mainland China under visa bans in the United States and Europe for playing a role in cracking down on human rights within the territory. Authorities claim that Hong Kong was never a British colony and are demanding a new textbook claiming that China never granted a treaty on its status. This move is seen as an attempt to erase memories of past freedom and to assert the ideology of China's "great rejuvenation", which is at the heart of the political agenda in the West.