Professor Alice Roberts says she is "taking a holiday" from Twitter after being on the receiving end of "hate, bile and misogyny."

The academic, best known for appearing on Time Team and Britain's Most Historic Towns, has faced a torrent of abuse since discussing gender and sex on social media.

After posting about the concept of binaries in gender and sexual diversity in the animal world, Roberts was met with a number of tweets from self-described 'gender critical' feminists who took umbrage with what she was saying.

Roberts said in a post last night: "I'm taking a holiday from Twitter for a while.

"I've argued for reason, compassion and empathy in discussions about sex and gender. That's opened me up to more hate, bile and even misogyny than I've experienced before.

"I'm sad and shocked. Humans can be so much better than this."

The post was met with many well-wishers offering her support - including from ethnobotanist James Wong, who highlighted Roberts' incredible legacy in science.

Wong said in a tweet: "You’re the woman who rode across Siberia on a snowmobile for the BBC, inspiring a newly-graduated me to consider a career in science communication (and undoubtedly many others.)

"The trolls are sat in their mums’ basements seething at strangers. I know who is winning at life."

Gender critical feminists define themselves as people who do not believe gender is innate, and is instead a social construction.

A number of gender critical feminists, such as journalist Megan Murphy, have found themselves permanently banned from Twitter after being accused of abusive and hateful conduct towards transgender people.

One of the biggest names in the gender critical movement is television writer Graham Linehan, known for writing hit series like Father Ted and the IT Crowd.

Some of the abuse Professor Roberts has faced

Linehan, under the username @Glinner, has been involved in the online war between transgender activists and gender critical people for the last several months - which has led to verbal warnings from the police.

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