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CERN's Large Hadron Collider launches for the third time, further revealing the secrets of the universe

(CNN)Ten years ago, the Large Hadron Collider, the most powerful particle accelerator on Earth, was an elementary particle called the Higgs boson. Proved the existence of. -It was thought to be a fundamental component of the universe, dating back to the Big Bang billions of years ago.

Currently, physicists at the European Nuclear Research Organization (CERN) on the Swiss-French border are the mystery of the Higgs boson, other subatomic particles, and dark matter-not absorbing, reflecting, or emitting light. Invisible, invisible, elusive matter for.

The Large Hadron Collider (located deep in the Alps), consisting of a ring with a circumference of 27 km (16.7 miles), is made of superconducting magnets cooled to -271.3 ° C (-456 F). I am. It's colder than space. It works by crushing small particles together so that scientists can observe them and see what's inside. The

proton beam has already been circulating in the accelerator complex since April when theswitch was turned on after being closed for three years of maintenance and upgrades.
On Tuesday, CERN scientists began collecting experimental data, and the Large Hadron Collidercolliders are nearly four. It operates 24 hours a year. is the third run of a large machine and is more accurate than ever thanks to an upgraded data reading and selection system, as well as a new detector system and computing infrastructure. And there is a possibility of discovery.

"When we do research, we want to find something unexpected, a surprise. That's the best result, but of course, the answer is natural. It's in hand and it depends on the method Nature answers the unanswered questions of basic physics, "said CERN Secretary Fabiola Gianotti in a video posted on the CERN website.

"We are looking for answers to questions related to dark matter, why the Higgs boson is so light, and many other open questions."

Understanding the Higgs Boson

Physics François Engrate and Peter Higgs first theorized the existence of the Higgs boson in the 1960s. The Standard Model of Physics shows the basics of how elementary particles and forces interact in the universe. However, the theory could not explain how particles actually gain mass. A bit of a particle, or substance, has a range of sizes and can be larger or smaller than an atom. For example, electrons, protons, and neutrons are the subatomic particles that make up an atom. Scientists now believe that the Higgs boson is the particle that gives the mass of all matter to.

In 2013, a year after the discovery of the particle, Englert and Higgs won the Nobel Prize for their visionary predictions. However, there are still many unclear points about the Higgs boson, and unraveling its secrets may help scientists understand some of the smallest scales in the universe and some of the greatest mysteries in the universe.
The Large Hadron Collider, which opened in 2008, is the only place in the world where theHiggs bosoncan be manufactured and studied in detail. The third runstarted successfully on Tuesday at 10:47 am ET.

In the latest experiment, CERN scientists study the properties of matter under extreme temperatures and densities, explaining dark matter and other new matter. Also look for. Phenomenon by direct search or-indirectly-accurate measurement of known particle properties.

"All the results obtained so far are consistent with the Standard Model, but there is still plenty of room for new phenomena beyond what was predicted by this theory," said CERN theorist Michelangelo. Manganostates in the news. release.

Dark matter is believed to make up the majority of matter in the universe, and was previously detected by its ability to create gravitational strains in outer space. ..

"The Higgs boson itself may point to new phenomena, including those that can cause dark matter in the universe," said one of four CMSs (compacts). Luca Marguerite, a spokesman for the Muon Solenoid, said. Experiment of a large Hadron collider built around a huge electromagnet.