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Explainer: Why Indonesian leaders are visiting Kiev in Moscow

Indonesian President Joko Widodo is the replacement president of a group of 20 major wealthy and developing countries, visiting Ukraine and Russia. I am in talks with two leaders. Countries at war after attending the Group of Seven Summit in Germany.

Widdo has sought to maintain his neutral position since the beginning of the war. I hope his efforts will lead to a ceasefire and final direct negotiations between the two leaders.

What does Widodo want to achieve?

Mr. Widdo begins a dialogue with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky about the end of the war that caused global food shortages and soaring commodity prices. I said I would like to urge you.

"My mission is to build peace, because we need to stop the war and remove its impact on the food supply chain. Call on President Putin to hold a dialogue. Stop the war as soon as possible. To carry out and stop the war. "

Russia's invasion of Ukraine has choked the global market and helped raise prices for meat, dairy products, cereals, sugar and vegetable oils.

"These visits are important not only for Indonesians, but also for other developing countries to prevent people in developing and low-income countries from falling into extreme poverty and hunger." Said Mr. Widdo.

Why is the war in Ukraine so important to Widdo?

Indonesian Foreign Minister Letno Marsdi needs to achieve resumption of grain exports from Ukraine and food and fertilizer exports from Russia in order to end the shortage and lower prices. Said that.

The rising cost of cooking oil has led the Indonesian government to temporarily ban the export of palm oil products in a series of student protests against rising food prices. Indonesia resumed exports of crude palm oil a month later.

Indonesia and Malaysia are the world's largest exporters of palm oil, accounting for 85% of the world's production.

Why does Putin and Zelensky listen to Widdo?

Widdo said he provided both Putin and Zelensky with Indonesian support for their peace efforts. This is a move seen as an attempt to unite the G20 forums divided by the ongoing conflict.

The United States and its seven major industrialized nations (a subset of the G20) have sought to punish Putin in as many ways as possible, including threatening Putin's boycott. The G20 Summit in Bali later this year, unless Putin is removed from the forum.

Widodo invited Zelensky to the summit with Putin in the hope of soothing supporters of both Ukraine and Russia and limiting distractions from other agenda items in the forum. Ukraine is not a member of the forum, but Russia is a member.

What is his potential for success?

Widodo will be the first Asian leader to visit countries at war.

His efforts come a few weeks after Russia says it is considering Italy's proposal to end the conflict in Ukraine. Negotiations between Russia and Ukraine to end hostilities have essentially stopped.

The Ukrainian and Russian Foreign Ministers held a decisive meeting in Turkey in March, followed by a delegation meeting in Istanbul, which also failed to bring concrete results. was.

Gillan Kenbara, an international political researcher at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, an Indonesian think tank, asks Putin to listen to Widdo to find a peaceful solution to the conflict between Russia and Ukraine. I'm pessimistic.

"It's very unlikely," said Kenbara, "Indonesia does not have a great experience as a peace broker outside Southeast Asia."