Some global companies are "unconscious" of China's use of Uighur forced labor from the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region by importing goods from Chinese companies headquartered in other parts of China. It may be "supporting in the meantime".
Shift Gear: The rise of industrial relocation to the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, produced by Uighur forced labor in China, announced Thursday by the Washington-based Nonprofit Advanced Defense Research Center (C4ADS) The products that have been made include loopholes that allow some products to enter the global supply chain.
On June 21, the U.S. Government is a law aimed at preventing the entry of goods manufactured in "totally or partially forced labor" in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. The Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA) has started to be enforced. US market.
However, enforcement is complicated by China's policy of encouraging companies elsewhere in the country to open businesses or manufacturing centers in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. According to Nicole Morgret, human security analyst and report author at C4ADS, the so-called Xinjiang Pairing Assistance Program encourages companies to move their manufacturing operations to the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (XUAR).
"This means that many XUAR companies are linked to eastern China, either as a subsidiary of the conglomerate or through overlapping investments and executive officers," Morgret told VOA.
According to Morgret, global companies doing business with Chinese companies that have a business or manufacturing relationship with the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region are at risk of "unknowingly" supporting forced labor.
"Manufacturing companies in the (China) Uighur region are working closely with the local governments that are implementing the crackdown," Morglet said. "Therefore, global stakeholders need to improve due diligence practices to better assess their corporate network in China in order to identify their relationship to forced labor in XUAR."
The connections between these companies are deliberately obscured and can be difficult to track. In other words, a company procured from a company headquartered in another Chinese city may unknowingly import goods produced by forced labor in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
Global brands under scrutiny
Tesco, a British grocery and miscellaneous goods chain, and Esprit, a clothing manufacturer based in Hong Kong and Germany, "Inadvertently" "Buying and selling products contaminated by Uighur forced labor is stated in the report.
" According to our analysis, Esprit and Tesco are Henan. We source our products from Shingo Chemical Fibers, a leading chemical fiber manufacturer based in the province of Shingo and a state-owned complex, "Morgrett said. “The Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region has two subsidiaries based in the Uighur region, which means that there is a significant risk of relying on forced labor in the manufacturing process.”
Tesco Media Manager According to one Fred Corb-Nathan, the company takes "human rights allegations" in the supply chain very seriously and conducts regular and thorough checks to ensure that workers are treated fairly.
"Orders related to this site have not been placed for more than 12 months and have been removed from the list of approved sources," Corb-Nathan emailed VOA.
Esprit did not respond to multiple VOA queries.
According to Morgret, the U.S. government can easily identify and block goods imported directly from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, but goods from Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region transshipped via eastern China or a third country. It's much harder to identify.
"The US Government needs to develop better ways to map complex supply chains and can benefit from using the methodology presented in our report. You can, "says Morgret.
President Joe Biden signed the UFLPA in December after being passed by Congress with the support of a majority of bipartisan parties. Byden accused Beijing of being a "state-sponsored widespread forced labor" of Uighurs, Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, and other Muslim minorities in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
The US government has accused Beijing of genocide and crimes against humanity against the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region and other Turkish Muslim minority groups. U.S. officials have detained more than one million Uighurs and other Muslim minority groups in China's Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region since at least 2017, forcing detained individuals into forced labor, forced sterilization, torture, and children from parents. It is estimated that they are exposed to their separation and near constant surveillance.
Beijing dismisses US criticism as a lie, and national policy in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region fights what is called the "three evil forces" Of separatism, terrorism, and extremism, which claim to be aimed at.
According to Liu Pengyu, a spokesman for the Chinese embassy in Washington, "the allegations of" forced labor "in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region are nothing but malicious lies made by anti-Chinese troops."
"We advise the United States to immediately correct mistakes, spread lies using Xinjiang-related issues, interfere with China's internal affairs, and stop containing China's development. "Liu told VOA by email. "China will take the necessary steps to protect the legitimate rights and interests of Chinese businesses and workers."
History of Uighur Forced Labor
In the last five years, China has established a "large-scale state-sponsored forced labor system" in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region. A report published by Sheffield Hallam University two weeks ago.
"Uighurs and other minority workers in the region cannot refuse or voluntarily quit jobs assigned by the government," the report said. The report said the Chinese government's "labor transfer and surplus labor transfer" program in the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region meets the standards of forced labor under international law.
Commodities made by forced labor
He is a professor of human rights and modern slavery at Shefield Haram University and one of the authors of. Suppressed, according to Laura Murphy, the US government has identified products containing tomatoes, cotton, and polypeptides, which are the main raw materials for solar panels, at particularly high risk of being manufactured by Uighur forced labor.
Uyghur's forced labor contaminated products include "apparel and shoes made of all fabrics, all new energy technologies, coal, copper, rare earth materials, electronics, building materials, machinery. The mining industry such as "is also included. I told VOA. "And the government has now told businesses that it is their responsibility not to bring those forced labor products into the homes of US consumers."