(CNN)ConservativeSupreme Courthas been in various courts in recent weeks. It changed the situation of. Hot button issues such as abortion, gun rights, immigration and religious freedom.
A series of drastic decisions was the culmination of generational efforts to transform the high bench by appointing a credible and conservative judge.
Let's see what the court has achieved this term and what that decision means in the future.
End constitutional rights to abortion
At the green light from the Supreme Court, the red states swiftly move to enact abortion bans and extreme restrictions, and abortion advocates scramble to delay the enforcement of new bans. I did.
The ruling is a major victory not only for anti-abortion activists, but also for the conservative legal movement that became the chief in some of the examples in which the Roe v. Wade case created a right without a clear right. was. Reference in the text of the Constitution.
In fact, Dobbs's opinion is that state and federal lawmakers have already faced court oppositions from abortion advocates claiming a particular state constitution. Protects the right to abortion, which means that an abortion limit has been enacted and a complete ban can now be included.
Notable was the case rooted in a deeply divided issue in which the court overturned the 49-year-old case and influenced the most personal decisions faced by pregnant people and their families. ..
"Whatever the exact scope of the upcoming law, one of the consequences of today's decision is certain: the reduction of women's rights, and the reduction of their status as free and equal citizens." The Liberal Party judge jointly wrote in dissenting opinion.
Raise state and local legal standards for gun safety law
With a conservative majority of 6-3, gun safety law is an incident Has become much more vulnerable to legal objections. New York State Rifle & Pistol Association Inc. v. Called Bruen, it was related to New York's restrictions on the carrying of firearms.
The type of discretionary permit system that requires firearm owners to obtain special discretionary approval to carry firearms publicly was withdrawn in this case, but only a handful of other states. Was accepted by. Although these states have some of the largest densely populated areas in the country. The major impact of the majority opinion written by Judge Clarence Thomasis that lower courts are now being directed to look more skeptical of gun restrictions. He wrote that the Constitution "presumably" protects the acts covered by the plain text of Article 2 of the Constitutional Amendment. Mr Thomas said it was up to the government to implement new restrictions to prove to the court that "regulations are in line with the historic tradition of firearms regulation in this country."
Under Thomas' new test, the court needs to assess whether the immediate regulation is historically similar to the way firearms were approached at the timing of the constitutional framework. Thomas emphasized that the historical concept of guns applies to modern firearms technology, but said that regulations could be unconstitutional due to the lack of historical analogues of regulations.
Climate change cases that weaken the authority of government agencies
The Supreme Court has announced that the Biden administration's efforts to deal with climate change and government agencies have various policies. It needs to be regulated across policy areas.
The judge in the EPA case embodied the doctrine known as the doctrine of the main question. This means that government agencies must have received explicit instructions from Parliament to issue rules with major economic or political implications. To do so.
The court is considering the Obama administration's climate rules, which the Biden administration has not called for a resurgence and has not been enforced, but Congress will implement the drastic regulations advocated by Obama's EPA. He said he did not authorize the EPA. This ruling could support future challenges to the climate rules of power plants that the Biden administration has been working on. It may also provide feed for proceedings against other types of federal climate regulations, such as those intended for vehicle emissions and emissions from the oil and gas industry.
It also means that regulations from other agencies throughout the federal government are involved, as the decades of parliamentary impasse have made the executive branch the primary source of policy-making. increase.
Weaken the wall between the church and the state
Conservative courts compete around questions about religious freedom and the separation between the church and the state. Reformed the field.
Not all religious freedom cases in court were so fragmented. An eight-to-one court ruled that Texas must allow a convict on death row spiritual adviser to "put his hand" in prayer during the execution of the death row. The court unanimously voted against Boston for refusing to raise the Christian flag on a flagpole outside the city hall as part of a program to celebrate Boston's larger community.
According to Mark Reenji, chairman of the Beckett Foundation, a religious freedom advocate, a through line linking the Boston flag case with the main voucher program and a praying high school football coach. Is the Supreme Court, which clarifies how the government should view the establishment clause.
Rienzi urged governments at all levels to internalize the establishment clause for decades and deal with things that worsen religious expression than other types of actors. Said.
Overall, the lesson to the court is "Government, this is not the way you are supposed to do it," Reenji told CNN.
Complicate the path to blocking immigration policy in court
Immigration law advocates allow immigration law to end President Joe Byden The controversial immigration policy of the Trump era, which secured a short-term victory in the ruling that it did, and that ruling, and another ruling from the beginning of the term, are future laws that seek to thwart immigration policies that are allegedly illegal. It may hinder your efforts. In a pair of judgments
, the Supreme Court restricted the authority of lower courts to prevent the implementation of certain immigration policies allegedly illegal. A conservative majority of the previous case, Garland vs. Gonzales, 6-3, stated that lower courts could not provide class-wide relief in such cases-this concerns the arrest, detention, and removal of migrants. It is related to the policy to do. The case was then cited in the court's term-end decision on the so-called stay-in-Mexico policy implemented by the Trump administration.
The holding will now allow lower courts to provide relief affecting individual challengers when it comes to these types of policies, but will ensure that immigration officers implement certain practices. It suggests that it is not allowed to issue orders that are widely banned.
It can have a wide range of immigration policies. Over the last five years, numerous legal objections to immigration policy have prevented the implementation of these measures.
Overall, the legal process for suspending certain immigration policies in court will be much slower and more difficult for immigrant advocates. The deadline for these cases to reach the Supreme Court is already long, and the High Court accepts only a limited number of cases each year.
Make it more difficult to hold government officials accountable for unconstitutional acts
In two cases, courts against individual government officials. Limited options for filing a civil suit. It is alleged that he acted unconstitutionally while performing his official duties.
In part of the majority opposition of the three liberals, Thomas could also raise a claim of excessive power in Article 4 of the Constitutional Amendment to federal officials. Strictly restricted certain situations.
The ruling had the effect of extending the immunity to protect federal authorities from private proceedings, even if it did not completely overturn "Bivens."
Later in the semester, the court also weakened the so-called Miranda rights protection. That is, the warning suspect is to be warned by law enforcement agencies that he has the right to remain silent and has the right to hire a lawyer. An incident called Tekoh vs. Vega. The court said that the law enforcement officer's failure to provide the Miranda warning did not in itself make it vulnerable to civil proceedings alleging violations of Article 5 of the Constitutional Amendment. The
judgment did not rule out Miranda's rights, as the evidence obtained at the time of the breach was still excluded from the trial. However, critics of the judgment said that without the additional legal risks of potential civil proceedings, law enforcement officials do not feel much incentive to comply with Miranda's obligations.