Vice President Kamala Harris spoke with WHO Director-General Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus on Thursday about Washington's plans, the White House said.
The ACT-Accelerator programme and its COVAX facility are the global plan to tackle the pandemic, aiming to deliver 2 billion doses of coronavirus vaccines by the end of 2021, 245 million treatments and 500 million tests. The first vaccine batches are expected to go to poorer countries in February.
"The Biden-Harris Administration will seek funding from Congress to strengthen and sustain these efforts, as well as other existing multilateral initiatives involved in fighting Covid-19 ," according to the strategy, which also calls for Washington to work on a way to donate any future U.S. vaccine surplus.
In December the U.S. Congress allocated $4 bln (R60,32 bln) for the global response to the pandemic, including vaccine procurement and delivery. But Biden's nominee for secretary of state, Antony Blinken, warned that "additional resources are likely to be to be needed."
So far the ACT-Accelerator has received $6 bln (R90,52 bln) and the U.S. pledge of $4 bln (R60,35 bln) but still needs another $23 bln (R347,64 bln).
Blinken said it was in the U.S. national interest to make sure vaccines are effectively and quickly distributed globally.
"We're seeing the potential for a debt crisis among emerging economies and developing economies. We're seeing public health crises in country after country because Covid has made it more difficult to provide other health services," Blinken said.
"We're seeing state fragility increase, not decrease ... so we have actual interest in helping," he said on Tuesday.
Blinken also described WHO as an "imperfect organization in need of reform," but said it was better to tackle it as a member. Trump had cut funding to the WHO last year and announced plans to quit the body over accusations it was a puppet of China, which WHO denied.