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Tunisia's turbulent vehicle from the revolution to the president's bid for power

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Tunis—President Kais Saied of Tunisia announced a draft constitution for a referendum on July 25.

This is a timeline of events showing that Tunisia's turbulent political path through revolution, democracy, extremist attacks and economic disasters culminates in bidding on Sayed's power. ..

* December 2010 – Vegetable seller Mohamed Bouazizi fired after police confiscated a cart. His death and funeral igniters are protesting unemployment, corruption and oppression.

* January 2011 – Dictator Zain Al Avidin Ben Ali fled to Saudi Arabia as the Tunisian revolution caused an uprising throughout the Arab world.

* October 2011 – Medium Islamic Party Enafuda banned under Ben Ali wins most seats and coalitions with secular parties to plan a new constitution.

* March 2012 – Ennahda has promised to keep Islamic law away from the new constitution, leading to more polarization between Muslims and secularists, especially over women's rights. is.

* February 2013 – Secular opposition leader Chokri Belaid was assassinated, urging opposition protests and the resignation of the prime minister. Jihadists launch attacks on the police.

* December 2013 – Ennahdha surrendered power after extensive protests and national dialogue and was replaced by the technocratic government.

* January 2014 – Parliament approves a new constitution that guarantees the individual freedoms and rights of minorities and divides power between the president and the prime minister.

* December 2014 – BejiCaid Essebsi wins Tunisia's first free presidential election. Ennahda joins the ruling coalition.

* March 2015 – 22 people were killed in an Islamic State attack on the Baldo Museum in Tunis. Gunmen kill 38 people at a beach resort in Sus in June. The attack devastated the critical tourism sector, followed by a suicide bomber killing 12 soldiers in November.

* March 2016 – Army moves against the threat of jihadistism by defeating dozens of Islamic State fighters rampaging across the Libyan border into southern towns. I'll change it.

* December 2017 – The economy is approaching a crisis as the trade deficit surges and currencies depreciate.

* October 2019 – Voters complained to major political parties, first electing a badly collapsed parliament and then political outsider Kais Saied as president.

* August 2020 – Sayed appointed Hichem Mechichi as prime minister, but soon with him as vulnerable governments overcame the crisis one after another while struggling to deal with the pandemic. I dropped out together.

* July 2021 – Sayed said he would dismiss the government, freeze parliament, and rule with the new prime minister in an intervention that the enemy calls a coup. Shortly thereafter, he abandons the Constitution and governs by law.

* February 2022 – After judicial objections to some actions, Saeed gave the judges final authority and theirs before expelling dozens in May. It has replaced the council that guarantees independence.

* June 2022 – Sayed announces a new draft constitution to hold a referendum in July, formalizing much of the power it assumed last month and undermining the role of parliament. But political parties have opposed his move, and strong unions have called for a strike over a deteriorating economic situation.

(reported by Angus McDowall, edited by Alison Williams)