Great Britain
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The birth of water brings "clear benefits" to parents and newborns, new studies say

Researchers analyzed 36 previous studies of more than 150,000 women and found that the birth of water is "the same as standard care for healthy mothers and their newborns." I concluded that it was as safe as possible.

Compared to standard care, the birth of water isepidermis, infused opioid (painkiller) and episiotomy (aid condyle and posterior vaginal wall surgery) Birth) that greatly reduced the use of target incision).

Pain and severe bleeding were also reduced and parental satisfaction improved.

In addition to having no difference in the proportion of emperor incisions, water delivery is a medical intervention and complication during and after birth compared to standard care. It was also found that there were few symptoms.

Findings revealed that there were more cases of umbilical cord rupture during the birth of water.

However, this rate is still low, with damage occurring at 4.3 per 1,000 births in water, compared to 1.3 per 1,000 births with standard care. ..

Researchers have suggested that this may be the result of pulling on the umbilical cord when the newborn is pulled out of the water.

The birth of water involves using the maternity pool to achieve relaxation and pain relief.

Pregnant people either leave the pool for childbirth and let the newborn float in the air, or stay in the maternity pool for childbirth and raise the newborn to the surface to start breathing.

Studies published between 2000 and 2021 include various interventions such as induced labor, artificial water destruction, use of epidural membranes, hospitalization for intensive care, and breastfeeding. And the result was included.

"Inundation benefits mothers and newborns when used in an obstetric environment, making inundation a low-tech intervention to improve the quality and satisfaction of care," the researchers say. ..

"Soaking in water greatly increases the chances of an intact parenchyma and can reduce the perineal incision. This is a non-beneficial intervention to the parenchyma and the fetus. It can increase postnatal pain and anxiety and adversely affect a woman's childbirth experience. "

Researchers have concluded that flooding is "an effective way to reduce labor distress without increasing risk."

According to the National Childbirth Trust (NCT), about 10% of pregnant women in the UK give birth in the pool, but nearly 20% use water to relieve pain.

The birth of water began to gain popularity when the Ministry of Health recommended pain relief in 1993.