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Sudan's attack in Darfur brings a new surge to those fleeing home

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KHARTOUM — UN reports that violence in western Sudan has displaced more than 84,000 people this month alone, doubling the number of people displaced from their homes so far this year.

That number is the highest since January 2021. At least 440,500 people were evacuated last year, five times more than in 2020, according to UN data.

Aid workers are afraid of an evacuation crisis similar to that caused by the Darfur conflict in the early 2000s.

Violence has escalated since 2003 as the Sudanese government formed an alliance with the so-called Janjaweed Arab militia and moved to quell the rebellion by armed groups. At least 2.5 million people were evacuated and 300,000 died.

The peacekeeping forces mandated by the 2020 Peace Agreement have not yet been widely deployed. Jibril Ibrahim, the Minister of Finance and the leader of the armed group, said it would be difficult to raise funds to implement the agreement.

June violence included fighting in the Kulbus area of ​​western Darfur, killing 125 people and evacuating 50,000 when Arab militias attacked a village belonging to the Guimir tribe.

"Before completing the response to one emergency or large-scale attack, two have already occurred," said Wilcarter of the Norwegian Refugee Council. "So far, nothing can prevent this from becoming a new major evacuation emergency."

In South Kordofan, another home of a long-term civil war, UNOCHA said 19 people were killed and 15,150 were evacuated after a battle between the Hawazuma and Kenana tribes in Abujubaya took place this month, burning more than 4,000 homes.

Human Rights Watch said in a statement Wednesday that Sudan's interim government and military rulers, who came to power in October, were either after the withdrawal of international peacekeepers in 2021. Root causes of conflict, including land and resource disputes that stated they could not provide adequate protection to address.

A swift support unit emerged from some of the Arab militias, and General Mohamed Hamdan Dagaro, deputy leader of the Sudanese ruling council, visited West Darfur this week to call for a fight to stop and be healthy. Promised to donate. And school facilities. (Report by Nafisa Eltahir and Khalid Abdelaziz Edited by Aidan Lewis and Nick Macfie)