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Chilean President Receives Draft New Constitution

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The Associated Press

Associated Press

SANTIAGO (AP) — President Gabriel Bolic on Monday officially replaces the charter imposed by the military dictatorship 41 years ago with the aim of leading a fundamental change in Chile. I was presented with a good draft.

Chileans will vote in a referendum in September to adopt the charter created by the Constitutional Convention elected last year.

"On September 4, this year, it will be people again who will hold the last word of fate," Borick wrote on Twitter.

In the first draft article, Chile is described as a "social and democratic state" as well as a "multi-ethnic, cross-cultural, and ecological". It has been. This document recognizes the existence of 11 indigenous groups, representing 12.8% of the country's 19 million inhabitants.

Above all, the draft will require a new public health system and a process for returning land to indigenous peoples. It also stipulates the right to "appropriate and dignified housing" and new rights such as equal pay for equal work for men and women.

The head of the convention, Maria Elisa Quintellos, handed Bolic a proposal containing 388 articles at a formal ceremony. Later, Bolic signed a decree setting the date of the referendum. This decree requires Chileans to vote.

"I am honored to lead this historic moment," Quinteros said.

In the 2020 referendum, more than three-quarters of Chilean voters demanded a new constitution, but the ritual delivery of the draft makes people more and more skeptical of the convention's activities. It is done at a time when it looks like it is.

Opinion polls at the beginning of the year clearly showed that the majority intended to vote in favor of the new constitution, but surveys after April show those who oppose the new document. Seemed to be ahead, and there was a significant change in opinion. ..

Analysts say that the arrogant attitude of some representatives to the Constitutional Convention, rather than the content of the proposal, has afflicted the Chileans.

Presidential Minister Giorgio Jackson hinted at the situation by saying, "I saw a very bad evaluation of the process."

During a speech on Monday, Bolic also urged the Chileans not to consider a referendum against his government. The September vote was "not, and shouldn't be, a government assessment, it's a debate about Chile's future and fate," he said.

Boric swore with a high approval rate within four months, but recent research shows that Chileans are becoming more and more sour in his administration amid rising crime and high inflation. I am.

The delivery of the new document will take place at the same time as the dissolution one year after the Constitutional Convention was enacted.

Written during August Pinochet's 1973-1990 dictatorship, even if there was widespread agreement that the country would need a new charter if the referendum refused to recruit. The current constitution is still valid.

If the document is approved by a majority vote, it begins a process that can take years to materialize. Congress needs to approve a new law to implement that requirement.