The federal government tabled legislation today to provide what it's calling a "safe bridge" for Canadians who are still experiencing lost income due to COVID-19.
The proposed new suite of measures aims to transition people from the Canada emergency response benefit (CERB) to an employment insurance program with expanded eligibility, or to one of three new recovery benefits.
Bill C-2 also provides for a 10-day sick leave benefit — something the NDP had demanded.
During a news conference in Ottawa, Employment Minister Carla Qualtrough said the CERB was introduced quickly at a time when most of the economy was at a standstill. As the country moves into economic recovery mode, the government is better placed to deliver financial support in a more sophisticated way, she said.
"I think we've created, in Bill C-2, a much more elegant balance between the need to not disincentivize work, but also support people who, regardless of effort, still aren't working or have significantly reduced hours," she said.
Qualtrough said the past few months have exposed gaps in the EI system, which is why the government wants to modernize it to better reflect Canada's current labour market.
Measures in today's legislation offer greater flexibility on the work hours required for the EI benefit, making it easier for people to qualify for a one-year period.
Expanded EI, new 'recovery' benefits
Canadians who already were eligible for EI will transition to that program when CERB winds down this weekend, while those who don't qualify can apply for new "recovery" benefits.
Self-employed or gig workers, for example, can receive up to $500 a week (up from $400, as it was initially announced) for up to 26 weeks if they have stopped working or lost income due to COVID-19.
Under the new regime, those workers can continue to earn money while receiving this benefit but will be required to repay 50 cents of every dollar earned above $38,000.
A second new benefit will provide 10 days of paid sick leave to any worker in Canada who falls ill or has to self-isolate due to COVID-19. That benefit is worth $500 a week. No one can claim this benefit and another sick leave payment at the same time.
That sick leave program was negotiated with the provinces and territories under an agreement to restart the national economy safely.
Qualtrough urges opposition to support bill
A third benefit will support Canadians who must stay home to care for a child under 12 or another dependent because their school, daycare or other day program facility has been shut down due to COVID. People who choose to keep their kids home even when those facilities are open will not qualify unless they provide proof of a medical reason to do so, such as an immunodeficiency disorder.
The recovery benefits require parliamentary approval, but the government aims to open applications in October, with benefits flowing in three to five days.
Qualtrough stressed the "urgency" of getting the benefits to Canadians in need, and said she hopes MPs from all parties will swiftly pass the bill.
"I'll leave the House strategy to the experts on that, but I can assure you I'm doing my part, working with my colleagues across the aisle to make sure this is collaboratively brought forward and supported by everyone," she said.