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A timeline of events in Afghanistan since the Taliban takeover

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The Associated Press

Associated Press

With the Taliban's capture of Kabul on 15 August 2021, the hardline movement regained power in Afghanistan nearly two decades after it was torn apart by the US invasion following the 9/11 attacks. I grabbed The years that followed were disastrous for the country.

After the world stopped funding, Afghanistan's already dilapidated economy collapsed almost overnight, pushing nearly the entire population into poverty and leaving millions unable to feed themselves. . No country has yet recognized Taliban rule. After first suggesting it would be more moderate than it had been during its previous days in power, the Taliban turned hardline, crushing women's rights, allowing little criticism and imposing greater control over the media.

This is a timeline of key events related to the Taliban takeover and subsequent rule.

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February 29, 2020 — US President Donald Trump Administration Commits to Withdraw US Troops from Afghanistan by May 1, 2021 signed an agreement with the Taliban. The Taliban promise to stop. Attack on Americans. However, they have stepped up their attacks on Afghan government forces and are beginning to collapse as American tactical support dwindles.

April 14, 2021 — President Joe Biden has announced that he will withdraw his 2,500-3,500 US troops remaining in Afghanistan by September 11, marking America's "permanent He said he would end the war.

May-August 2021 — Taliban's ground gains accelerate. Districts across the country fall into mob hands, sometimes with little fighting. By mid-August, it will dominate most of the country, including most major cities.

15 August 2021 — The Taliban march into Kabul as internationally backed President Ashraf Ghani flees the country.

16 August 2021 — Thousands of citizens flock to Kabul's international airport to board planes as US forces and officials organize an evacuation flight. In a chaotic scene, several are seen clinging to the side of the aircraft during takeoff, at least he is known to have died after two people fell.

18 August 2021 — At the Taliban's first press conference, spokesman Zabihullah Mujahid pledged no reprisals against former soldiers, saying the Taliban said women were 'not allowed to act within the framework of Islam. He said he would allow them to "work and study inside."

26 August 2021 — Islamic State group suicide bombers and gunmen attack at least 60 Afghans and 13 of his killed an American soldier. A few days later, a US drone strike killed 10 civilians, including 7 children. The Pentagon initially claimed the attack was aimed at the perpetrators of the airport attack, but later admitted it was wrong.

August — Taliban takeover froze Afghanistan's $8 billion in foreign assets, most of them in the United States. It also halted billions of dollars of development and other aid that paid most of the government budget.

Almost overnight, the already tenuous economy will collapse. Many Afghans lose their salaries and jobs as prices soar. Millions of people will have no access to food in the coming months. Many medical facilities will be closed, unable to pay for supplies or staff.

September — Schools reopen around Afghanistan. Girls through sixth grade are allowed to return to classes, as are women at some private colleges. However, from grade 6 onwards, girls cannot return to school, with some local exceptions.

7 September 2021 — The Taliban form an interim government composed entirely of Taliban figures and men, despite international pressure for greater diversity. announced the establishment The Taliban have suggested they may expand to include other factions later, but little has changed since. Aid flights to Kabul resume as they step up a massive aid effort to keep Afghans alive amid the ongoing humanitarian disaster. Less than a month after he was ruled by the Taliban, the number of families reporting inadequate food consumption surged 13% to her 93% of the population, according to United Nations statistics. Did. World Food Program chief David Beasley warns that 14 million people face severe food insecurity.

Oct. 25, 2021 — Already within a month he's had all of these numbers dramatically worsened. The number of people facing severe food insecurity has nearly doubled from 14 million, about 60% of the population, to 22.8 million, he said, WFP said. Of these, 8.7 million are at the highest emergency level, at risk of starvation. Half of children under 5 years old, about 3 years old. Two million people are expected to suffer from acute malnutrition.

February 11, 2022 — U.S. President Joe Biden has half of his $7 billion Afghan assets frozen in the U.S. due to lawsuits involving victims of the 9/11 attacks Issue an executive order to hold He ordered the rest of his $3.5 billion to be used for Afghan interests. Since then, U.S. officials have held talks with the Taliban about how to use the money.

23 March 2022 — On the opening day of the high school, the Taliban suddenly reversed their promise to allow girls from grade 6 onwards. Girls who show up for the first day of class are told to go home.This reversal suggests that hardliners in the Taliban leadership worked to prevent the older girls from returning to school. .

March 30, 2022 — The number of Afghans living below the poverty line is rapidly approaching his 97% of the population, said UN Development Program head Achimsteiner. I am warning you. In 2020, just under half of Afghanistan's population lived in poverty.

7 May 2022 — The Taliban Deputy Ministry of Virtue issued a decree requiring all women in public to wear full-body robes, covering the face except the eyes. did. I advise staying at home unless you have important work outside the house.

9 May 2022 — Huge amounts of aid are barely preventing further increases in the number of people suffering from hunger, according to a new United Nations report. Nearly 20 million people are food insecure. But it warned that continuing crop failures and droughts, inflation partly caused by the conflict in Ukraine, and a lack of funding for UN aid could exacerbate the crisis.

22 June 2022 — A powerful earthquake hits remote areas of eastern Afghanistan, killing more than 1,100 people. The Taliban have struggled with relief efforts, highlighting lack of resources and reliance on aid groups.

27 July 2022 — Amnesty International reports that Taliban policies are "suffocating" women at all levels of life, restricting schooling and work, increasing child marriage, He pointed out the suppression of female activists.

July 31, 2022 — The United States has killed al-Qaeda leader Ayman his al-Zawari in a drone strike on his Kabul hideout where he had been staying for months. US officials have accused the Taliban of protecting him in violation of the Doha Accords.