The number of women competing at the highest levels of college athletics continues to grow as the funding gap between men's and women's sports programs widens. .. NCAA report investigating the 50th anniversary of Title IX.
According to a report released Thursday morning entitled "Women's Current Situation in College Sports," 47.1% of participation opportunities were 26.4% in 1982 and division in 2020. I was for the whole woman.
Still, in its growth, the men's program received more than twice as much as the women's program with the resources allocated in 2020. And the gap was even more pronounced when we looked at the Football Bowl Subdivision, home of the most profitable and profitable sports. A tier within Division I that features the sports world of Alabama, Ohio, and Southern California.
"This shows that schools are investing huge amounts of money to make money," said NCAA's Inclusion Office Managing Director and Leading Report. The author, Amy Wilson, told The Associated Press: Along with men's basketball, soccer is a sport that generates major profits.
"It speaks to the business side of what college sports have become."
Consider spending on hiring as well as head coach and assistant coach compensation If so, the gender gap in funding has approached a 3: 1 ratio. And that gap isn't new. Even if spending on women increases in all three sectors.
In particular, the median difference in total costs for men's and women's programs at FBS schools increased from $ 12.7 million in 2009 to $ 256,000 in 2019.
Wilson These discrepancies violate Title IX, which ensures fairness between men and women in education and prohibits gender-based discrimination in federally funded educational programs and activities. He said it would not connect automatically. However, they raise concerns when assessing whether schools offer equitable opportunities and treatments for male and female athletes and how they spend to achieve those goals. ..
"Yes, the numbers are clear. It's not a small difference, it's a big difference," she said. "This groundbreaking Title IX Anniversary is a great opportunity for fair participation, experience, and re-commitment to fund financial assistance for student athletes in men's and women's athletics programs.
Title IX compliance can be measured in a variety of ways, including whether the gender breakdown of the entire program is proportional to the body breakdown of the average student. .. Nonetheless, the study found that Division I athletics did not meet that criterion when examining the 2020 data. Women accounted for 54% of Division I undergraduates, compared to the 47.1% mentioned above.
"I think we need to ask ourselves a sufficient gap." We have more opportunities to create and more teams to form, "Wilson said.
Thursday's Title IX Anniversary was criticized when college sports governing bodies recently updated their transgender policies and failed to ensure the fairness of last year's men's and women's basketball tournaments. It's time to face. ..
Other points from the report:
Women's shortage in leadership
Head coach since President Nixon signed Title IX Fewer women are playing a role. Law.
In all three divisions, the proportion of female teams led by female coaches dropped from over 90% in 1972 to 41% in 2020. At the time, there were few women's teams, and in this study, the number of men coaching women's teams increased, so by the late 1980s there were more women than women's coaches and correspondingly coaching men's programs. It didn't increase.
These low female coaching numbers do not surprise Richard Draptic, director of the Institute for Sport Diversity and Ethics in Central Florida. Every year, TIDES compiles a report card that surveys the adoption of diversity in college sports and professional leagues. The latest report is about the FBS school released in January.
"Without movement," Raptic told AP. "This is as puzzling as the other statistics we report. Usually, some problems show a slight improvement, and this is barely budding."
According to the survey, when it comes to athletic directors, women account for less than 20% of AD by 1980 and 23.9% in 2020 after a "dramatic" decline.
According to the survey, the outliers of women in leadership roles are conference members, with women surpassing men in the last five years, accounting for 31% of these roles between 2019 and 20. increase.
The report also noted a shortage of colored women in these leadership roles. According to the
report, in 2019-20, about 16% of women working as head coaches for women's teams and 16% of women's track and field directors in all divisions were minorities. These percentages have increased "slightly" from five years ago.
High School Drop Off
Returning to high school athletics, reports show that in the 1971-72 grades, the number of female participants was still male. The number of participants has not been reached. It leads to the enforcement of the law.
At that time, boys had about 3.7 million participation opportunities, more than 264,000 more than girls in 2019.
"Girls and women can play their favorite sport, 50 years after Title IX," college and high school data show that there is still a fairly large participation gap. "I am," Wilson said. "And I don't think they don't want to play. I think we have to think more: what are the barriers to that access?"
For more information on the impact of Title IX, see AP Complete Package.https://apnews.com/hub/title-ixビデオタイムライン：https://www.youtube.com/watch?vNdgNI6BZpw0