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Diseases that Often Appear during Floods and Rainy Seasons and How to Prevent Them

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During the wetter months, flooding is a common occurrence. Because of this, the body is more likely to contract one of the many diseases that tend to crop up during floods. Therefore, it is essential to gain a deeper understanding of these illnesses in order to maintain good health and take necessary precautions as early as possible.

Disease-causing microorganisms like viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi all find favorable conditions for reproduction in the humid air and a variety of other conditions that occur during the rainy season.

Therefore, recognize simple methods to avoid contracting the various diseases that tend to emerge during floods and the rainy season.

Many types of infectious diseases tend to surface after a flood.


The flu, also known as influenza, is a contagious respiratory illness caused by a virus. The influenza virus is to blame for this illness, which can be spread through a person’s coughing, sneezing, or even saliva.

Having the flu typically causes multiple symptoms, high body temperature, coughing, aches, and a sore throat. While many cases of influenza clear up without any treatment, pneumonia is a serious complication that can result from influenza viruses.

Hemorrhagic fever of Dengue

The Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are the primary vectors for the spread of the dengue virus, which causes dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF).

These mosquitoes thrive in stagnant water, so avoid leaving any water out for any length of time. Because of this, the rainy season is when most dengue fever cases occur.

Pain in the muscles and bones, fever, headache, and skin lesions are all possible symptoms of DHF. The symptoms of this disease, which often manifest during floods, can include shock and bleeding if they are not treated promptly.


Malaria is an infection with the parasite Plasmodium, which is spread by the bite of an Anopheles mosquito. Similar to Aedes aegypti, this mosquito species increases in population and activity during wet periods. This is what makes Indonesia and other countries with plenty of rain susceptible to malaria.

The symptoms of malaria include high body temperature, aching muscles and bones, chills, and a general feeling of weakness. Malaria can cause a potentially fatal form of brain inflammation called cerebral malaria.


Consumption of tainted or otherwise unsuitable food and drink is just one of many potential triggers for diarrhea. Diarrhea typically stops occurring within a few days.

However, there are cases where diarrhea is severe and doesn’t go away for weeks. Dehydration and shock from a lack of body fluids are additional risks of untreated diarrhea.

Hepatitis A

The hepatitis A virus causes liver inflammation, medically referred to as hepatitis A. Nausea, vomiting, weakness, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fever, and chills are all possible side effects of this illness. In some people, hepatitis A can also bring on yellowing of the skin and eyes.

Typhoid fever

Salmonella typhi bacteria are the causative agents of typhoid fever. It spreads through contaminated water and food, such as floodwater.

Some people with typhoid fever also experience other symptoms, such as abdominal pain, headache, loss of appetite, constipation, and diarrhea, in addition to the high fever that can last for weeks.

The sooner this disease is treated, the less damage it can do to the patient. Complications, meningitis, liver and gallbladder infections, pneumonia, and kidney and heart problems, can arise from untreated typhoid fever.


Leptospirosis can be spread from animals to humans through contact with their urine or blood. This disease can also be contracted by coming into contact with contaminated soil or water.

Leptospirosis can cause a wide variety of uncomfortable symptoms, fever, chills, red eyes, a throbbing headache, nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, and calf pain. Sepsis, liver problems, kidney failure, meningitis, and respiratory failure are some of the more serious complications that can arise from this illness.

Asthma attacks, in addition to the aforementioned illnesses, tend to peak during the rainy season. Some people with asthma find that the return of their symptoms coincides with the onset of colder weather during the wetter months.

The following advice will help you avoid contracting a variety of diseases that tend to surface during the rainy season and floods.

The immune system booster

If your immune system is robust, your body will be better able to fend off disease-causing bacteria and viruses. As a result, people will be less likely to get sick during the rainy season and floods.

During the rainy season, it is especially important to get plenty of rest and eat nutritious, antioxidant-rich foods like fruits and vegetables to boost your immunity.

Consistently engaging in physical activity

You shouldn’t stop working out because it’s raining outside. This is because staying physically active is crucial for keeping disease at bay.

Diseases like jumping rope, yoga, push-ups, and sit-ups can be done inside, even during the rainy season. You should try to get in 30 minutes of exercise at least three times a week.

Avoid painful muscle cramps by warming up first and cooling down afterward.

Wash your hands regularly.

One of the most important things you can do to protect yourself from getting sick is to maintain good personal hygiene by washing your hands frequently.

You should always thoroughly wash your hands before preparing food, and the same goes for washing your food ingredients and cooking utensils. Keep your distance from others, always wear a mask in public, and stay away from large gatherings during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Keeping away from mosquitoes

Mosquito populations surge in the wetter months. Those who suffer from this condition are more likely to contract dengue fever.

Closing water reservoirs, draining water tanks regularly, and burying used items that have the potential to cause stagnant water, such as cans and bottles, are all preventative measures known as the “3M movement.”

Wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants is important, but using an anti-mosquito lotion or spray is even more effective, especially when engaging in outdoor activities.

It’s best to stay off the roads and out of the standing water if possible if your neighborhood has been flooded. Once the water level has dropped, you should disinfect the home and clean all the furniture.

Vaccinations against influenza, dengue, and hepatitis A are also effective ways to fortify your body against these viruses.

Knowing the many different diseases that tend to surface during the rainy season can help you stay on guard and ensure that you and your surroundings are always clean.

Floods can cause outbreaks of diseases like fever, diarrhea, and weakness, so it’s important to get medical help right away if you experience any of these symptoms.

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