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Octopus’s Garden Found Deep Underwater Near Costa Rica.

The Octopus nursery was spied using remote control robots equipped with submarine cameras.

By Editor-July 3rd, 2023.

Scientists working off the coast of Costa Rica say they’ve discovered the world’s third known octopus nursery–a place where octopus eggs hatch and develope into young octopi.

An international 18-person research team found the site nearly two miles below sea level and believe that in the process they may have also discovered a new species of Muusoctopus, a genus of small to medium sized octopus lacking an ink sack.

“The discovery of a new active octopus nursery over 2,800 meters beneath the sea surface in Costa Rican waters–almost as deep as the wreck of the Titanic–proves there is still so much to learn about our Ocean,” Dr. Jyotika Virmani, executive director of the Schmidt Ocean Institute, said in a statement.

According to a press release, researchers witnessed Muusoctopus eggs hatch. They said it demonstrated that the area, known as the Dorado Outcrop, was hospitable to young octopuses.

When the Dorado Outcrop — an area roughly the size of a football field — was first discovered in 2013, researchers believed octopuses couldn’t grow there because they didn’t observe any developing embryos at the site.

Scientists said the discovery also indicated that some deep-sea octopus species brood their eggs in low-temperature hydrothermal vents, such as the one where the nursery was discovered, where fluid heated in the Earth’s crust is released on the seafloor — like hot springs.

The research vessel for the trip was provided by the Schmidt Ocean Institute, a nonprofit research organization founded by former Google CEO Eric Schmidt and his wife, Wendy.

The trip was led by Beth Orcutt of the Maine-based Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences as well as Jorge Cortes of the University of Costa Rica.

“For the majority of people, the ocean is just another body of water,” Dr. Jorge Cortés Núñez, a biology professor at the Universidad de Costa Rica, said in the video, translated from Spanish by Schmidt Ocean Institute. “They can’t imagine what’s there. The seafloor is three kilometres below us, and what we are seeing is a whole other world down there.”

According to the researchers, areas like the Dorado Outcrop are still vulnerable to human activities such as fishing, and some Costa Rican scientists on the trip were trying to discern if the underwater seamounts should be legally protected.

“The information, samples, and images are important to Costa Rica to show its richness and will be used for scientific studies, and outreach to raise awareness of what we have and why we should protect it,” Cortes said.

Source: NPR News.ABC News.