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EU enacts 'final' document to revive Iran nuclear deal

The European Union announced on Monday that it has submitted a "final" text to revive the 2015 Iran nuclear agreement.

"What can be negotiated has been negotiated and is now the final text, but behind all the technical issues and all the paragraphs are the political decisions that need to be made in the capital. "The EU foreign policy director Josep Borrell tweeted.

"If these answers are positive, we can sign this agreement," he added, adding that the EU, Iran and the United States are preparing to leave Vienna.

Earlier, EU officials told reporters that no further changes could be made to the text that had been negotiated for 15 months, "very, very few weeks."

"This is a package suggestion ... I can't agree with page 20 or page 50. I have to say" yes "or" no "," he said. rice field.

A US State Department spokesperson said Washington is ready to quickly reach an agreement to revive the deal, formally called the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), based on the EU's proposal. Stated.

Iranian officials said they would convey "additional views and considerations" to the European Union coordinating negotiations after talks in Tehran and would not consider the EU proposal final. Proposed.

Iran also demanded that the United States and other Western nations be considered outside the scope of reviving transactions.

For example, Iran claimed that the International Atomic Energy Agency, the United Nations Nuclear Surveillance Agency, withdrew its allegations that it could not fully explain the traces of uranium in places where Iran was not declared.

Both sides tried to hold the other accountable in order to compromise.

"They (Iranians) have repeatedly said they are ready to return to the mutual implementation of the JCPOA. Let's see if their actions are in line with their words," said the United States. The spokesman said.

Iran and six major nations reach an initial agreement in 2015 to limit nuclear programs to make them difficult to use in the development of nuclear weapons in exchange for relief from the United States. Agreed to. EU and UN sanctions.

In 2018, US President Donald Trump broke the deal and reintroduced strict US sanctions aimed at blocking Iran's oil exports, a major source of export revenues and government revenues. I imposed.

In response, Tehran states that its nuclear program is for power generation and other peaceful purposes, violating the agreement in several ways, including rebuilding enriched uranium stockpiles. Started about a year later.

Also, uranium was concentrated to a purity of 60%. This is well above the 3.67% allowed by the agreement, but below the 90% considered weapon-grade.

US President Joe Biden has been aiming to revive the agreement since taking office in January 2021 and indirectly as Iran refuses to deal directly with the United States on this issue. Negotiations began in April 2021 in Vienna.

Iran is also trying to get a guarantee that it will not cancel the deal if the future US president revives, as Trump did in 2018. Washington cannot provide such a firm guarantee because the transaction is a political understanding rather than a legally binding one. Treaty.

Iranian state media hinted at the issue on Monday.

"The final agreement must secure the rights and interests of the Iranian people and ensure the effective and stable elimination of sanctions," Iran's Foreign Minister Hossein Amirabdrahian said over the phone. He told Borel, the state media reported.