The war in Ukraine could prosper illegal drug production, and the future of the opium market depends on the fate of endangered Afghanistan. Warned on Monday.
Past experience in the Middle East and Southeast Asia suggests that conflict zones can act as "magnets" for the production of synthetic drugs that can be manufactured anywhere, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). ) Is an annual report. "This impact can be greater if the conflict area is near a large consumer market."
According to UNODC, the number of dismantled amphetamine laboratories in Ukraine Increased from 17 in 2019 to 79 in 2020. This is the maximum number of seized laboratories reported in any country in 2020.
He added that synthetic drugs have the potential to grow as Ukraine's capacity war continues.
In the conflict zone, "police aren't turning around to stop the lab," UNODC expert Angelami told AFP. The
report also points out that conflicts can shift and disrupt drug trafficking routes, suggesting that Ukrainian trafficking has declined since early 2022.
The situation in Afghanistan, which produced 86% of the world, will shape the development of the opium-opium market in 2021, the UN report added.
He said the country's humanitarian crisis could encourage illegal poppy cultivation, even after the Taliban authorities banned the practice in April.
"Changes in opium production in Afghanistan will affect opium markets in almost every region of the world," the United Nations said.
In 2021, an estimated 284 million people were taking drugs, and one in 18 people worldwide between the ages of 15 and 64 was reported to be taking drugs. increase.
This figure is 26% higher than in 2010, and population growth only partially explains this change.
Cocaine production set a new record at 1,982 tonnes in 2020.
Most drug consumers were men, but I mentioned that women are heavily used with amphetamine-type stimulants and are underestimated in their treatment.
"For them, it's a double stigma. Going there is also exposing themselves," she told AFP. "We have issued recommendations on safety and how to ensure that the Center has the potential to welcome children."
UNODC reports have been collected from Member States and their own sources. Based on the information we provide, we analyze institutional reports, media, and open source materials.